Fred Wooden on Immigration

“Democrats believe immigration is not just a problem to be solved, it is a defining aspect of the American character and our shared history.”  Amen! But we have often been divided about immigration. We have barred and banned nations and regions, often on racial prejudices.

Two reasons explain why many migrate into the US unofficially: poverty and danger. When our laws prevent people because they are brown or poor or speak another language, they still find a way because Walls do not work.  No dam can stop a swollen river and no wall can prevent people from fleeing danger and poverty. Part of our immigration policy includes improving the health of our neighbor nations.  Here’s how we can do all of that:

1. Create truly equitable NAFTA and Central American Trade Agreements:   Not just to remedy American issues but to strengthen the economies and governments of those nations.  Endemic corruption creates poverty and the illegal drug trade, which is the sponsor of violence.  Making Mexico and Central America stronger economically and governmentally is good for the USA.

2. End our ‘War on Drugs’ Policy: which paradoxically has created a more violent illegal drug industry and with it greater corruption and violence in Mexico and Central America.  Focus on reducing demand in the USA and treating the issue as a health problem will in turn diminish the market and the drug trade.

3. Create a bold Customs and Border Agreement between Mexico, the USA and Canada:  This would not be a European Union agreement that allows anyone to live anywhere at will. It would exchange greater liberty to work and do business in the three nations for more accountable migration and a stronger border between Mexico and Central America.

4. A clear path to legal residence or citizenship for those already in the US: Mass deportation is impossible. We must deal with the people here. Three things seem clear:

Dreamers (DACA) should be able to remain. Whether as citizens or as Permanent Legal Residents, they should not be held responsible for their parents’ actions nor punished for them.

Document everyone. Not an amnesty but an accounting, with a legal guarantee that all who are documented will be treated fairly, and that deportations will focus on the most criminal and most risky, and only those people will be held in custody.

Create clear criteria for unauthorized immigrants in the future – from relocation, to temporary residents with possibility to renew, to permanent residents. Those relocated because of poverty or danger should be assisted by the USA to insure they have a solid chance to prosper in their home countries and remain there.

FWIW, There is much more to be done that this, but we must do this. Why?  Well, years ago I lived in Brooklyn with a view of the Statue of Liberty and memorized the great poem that ends,

“… Give me your tired, your poor,
your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless tempest tost to me…”

This is the American ideal at its best – to lift the lamp of hope.

Fred Wooden On Gun Violence

Over 33,000 people a year die from gun violence in America: 1000 times more than the soldiers who died in combat in 2017, 500 times as many police officers who died from gunfire in 2017. Surely we can do better.

As a Democrat I share the party’s statement: “We can respect the rights of responsible gun owners while keeping our communities safe.” I also believe that we need universal background checks without exceptions for gun shows and private sales. We, and even the nonpartisan League of Women Voters support banning military grade weapons, like AR-15s and equivalents. We all say we need to study gun violence as a public health issue, which is not possible now.

Some gun rights advocates see these as a slippery slope but I disagree. No right in the Constitution is absolute and all of them come with responsibilities, including the right to keep and bear arms. Other reasonable ideas I support that would reduce gun violence are:

  1. Red Flag Laws. Most gun deaths take place in homes, either as suicides or domestic violence. Judges should be able to impound firearms of those with substance abuse, domestic abuse or dangerous mental health issues.

  2. User Licensing.  Like a driver’s license which ensures people can use a car safely, a gun user’s license would indicate someone who has been educated and trained in the use of firearms and include the necessary background check as well. Though voluntary, user licensing would have positive incentives to encourage responsible use.

  3. Liability Insurance.  Having a firearm in a home or office statistically raises the risk of injury and death. We should require gun owners to take responsibility by having liability coverage for the added risk. And we should end the legal immunity of gun manufacturers as well.

  4. Youth and firearms. No one under 21 should be able to purchase or own firearms. And only those 16 or above should be able to hold a user’s license.  Like driver education, firearm safety should be taught beforehand by trained teachers.

  5. Illegal arms trafficking.  The source of many firearms used in crimes, these weapons move secretly across state lines due to wide variations in state law.  Having clear national standards about gun sales would lower the rate of illegal trafficking.